What Is COVID-19? An Inside Look At Its Causes, Symptoms, Testing, and Treatment

02 Jul 2020

Coronavirus never looked as though it would impact the world the way it has. It is nothing like what we have seen in modern history. The pandemic has affected every single person in the world in one way or another.

Every country in the world had to close its borders to slow down the spread of coronavirus. We have had to adapt in every area of our lives to ensure that the virus does not keep on ruining lives.

We have witnessed for the first time, in our modern world, people uniting to fight a common enemy. That’s why the testing for coronavirus (COVID-19) has been going on, to ensure that everyone knows their status.

Let’s see what the disease is all about.

Understanding COVID-19

All through the years, many people have been infected by a type of coronavirus. Contrary to popular belief, coronavirus is not a new virus. Common colds are mostly caused by rhinovirus or coronavirus.

There is a high chance that you have gone to the emergency room near you to get treatment for common colds, most probably caused by the coronavirus. However, rhinovirus is the leading cause of common colds.

Until recently, the coronavirus was not considered a dangerous virus. The 2003 SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) outbreak revealed that the virus could be deadly. Not so long afterward, there was the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) caused by another type of coronavirus.

In total, there are seven known types of coronaviruses. SARS-CoV-2 is one of the seven that causes coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID-19).

COVID-19 is categorized as a respiratory illness that can affect the upper respiratory tract (sinuses, nose, and throat) and the lower respiratory tract (windpipe and lungs).

How Does Coronavirus Spread?

The coronavirus is mainly transmitted from person to person, just like common colds. However, SARS-CoV-2 is more contagious than all the other types of coronaviruses. According to early research, it was estimated that one infected person could spread the virus to three people.

If a person infected with COVID-19 coughs or sneezes, they release droplets that contain the virus. The droplets can travel six feet or two meters away. If you are close, then the droplets land on your mouth or nose, you can get infected.

Research has also revealed that the virus can survive on different materials for several hours and at times, days. Look at the following:

  • Plastic and stainless steel – 3 days
  • Copper – 4 hours
  • Cardboard – 24 hours

Therefore, if you touch surfaces and objects, then touch your nose, eyes, or mouth without washing your hands or sanitizing them, you can get infected.

When you go out in public areas, be careful since asymptomatic people (showing no symptoms) can transmit it.


SARS-CoV-2 has an incubation period of between 2 to 14 days before the symptoms show. Therefore, you have to be on the look-out and monitor your health. However, here are some of the symptoms of COVID-19:

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Body aches
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Chills, at times, accompanied by shaking
  • Shortness of breath
  • Trouble breathing
  • Sore throat
  • Coughing
  • Loss of smell or taste

Call our doctor at our emergency room near you if you experience the following:

  • Cannot wake up fully
  • Bluish lips or face
  • New confusion
  • Ongoing chest pressure or pain
  • Shortness of breath

Diagnosis and Testing

We offer drive through COVID-19 testing from the convenience of your vehicle everyday from 9:00 A.M. to 3:00 P.M. No appointment needed. Drive up to 14520 Memorial Dr. Houston, Texas 77079.


Maintaining social distance, washing hands with soap, and wearing cloth masks in public are the known methods of prevention against coronavirus.

If you are looking for COVID testing centers near you, contact our team at Memorial Village ER.

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